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Facilitation Methods




The foundation of these methods is based upon a natural human process. We look at reality objectively. We step back from our observations and examine our responses. We step back again and make sense of our experiences. And then take a relationship to our lives.

Adapted from Getting to the Bottom of ToP by Wayne and Jo Nelson.

Foundational Life Methods to Empower Individuals and Groups

with Images, Tools, Models, Research

The intent of the Facilitation Methods Collection is to give insight into and access to individual and group methods which broaden and transform effective participation in decision making and deepen collaboration among people and organizations. The methods in this collection are intended to give you a way to work with individuals, groups, organizations, and communities to help them receive all perspectives, acknowledge their current reality, be open to new possibility and to take steps to make necessary changes. These methods through experimentation by the Ecumenical Institute and the Institute of Cultural Affairs with creating practical, applicable forms of social responsibility for individuals, groups and organizations.


Currently confrontation, positionality, individualism, and promotion of falsehood points to a loss of the common good. There is evidence of an increasingly wide range of capacities and familiarity with basic participatory techniques. Organizations and sectors are rapidly developing highly collaborative work styles, teams, and ways of operating. Side by side,many institutions and sectors seem entrenched in rigid, counterproductive approaches.


The the bulk of resources for this collection come from a “living archive” of active networks, training systems and courses, current publications, studies and case examples representing the efforts of thousands of practitioners, facilitators, organizational leaders and trainers around the globe. Additionally, this collection is highly networked with a plethora of other contemporary sources and approaches within the fields of facilitation, conflict transformation, and public participation.


The intent of the collection is to respond to current trends of:  

  • blending of hierarchical and facilitative approaches
  • emerging requirements for increasing collaboration
  • facilitating, implementing, leading and managing multiple teams
  • face to face and online connections
  • shifting worldviews


An Introduction to EI/ICA methods.

ICA Transformational Methodologies is a comprehensive compendium of Imaginal Education methods developed by staff of the Ecumenical Institute and the Institute of Cultural Affairs beginning in the 1960’s. The work in Imaginal Education is the  foundation of all methods developed by the ICA.


Link to Chronological History

NOTE: write….Where this all come from? How developed? Underlying patterns? How used? How to? Awareness & Transformation. Write up development history of ORID as the basis for all other methods.