Launched in 1964, the Fifth City Preschool in Chicago was the first community program for changing images through a structure, a curriculum, a time design, and the entire school environment.Uniquely the preschool had four schools within the school – Infant, Mini, Pre and Kinder. – focusing on the unique development of each age level from 18 weeks until age five.
An Infant School served children from sixteen weeks until eighteen months (or potty trained). A daily schedule and lesson plans provided continuity and emphasized a different global culture each month. Staff learned from Professors Dolman and Delacotto at the University of Illinois that babies could read if the letters of words and numbers were written large enough. So diaper changing time became a great time for introducing words to the infants.
Shapes of the imaginal daily time design communicate to the preschoolers their curriculum times, exercise periods (calimaginal), eating and nap times and rituals for opening and closing the day.
for Three and Four Year Olds
In 1965 the three-four year olds were funded by the U.S. Department of Education Head Start program “because of its provocative approach to change images through art, images, dreams and metaphors”. Today this age is still being taught with a daily curriculum and environment that bombards them with strong positive images of personal integrity, freedom and creativity through rituals and songs. Karen Bueno documented the preschool songs in Children Singing the New Millennium. These songs often took old familiar tunes parents knew from their past and rewrote the words to reflect the images of the present day. For instance “Twinkle Twinkle Little Star” became “Voom, Room Astronaut”. The Fifth City Preschool was recognized by Headstart in 1969 as “one of the ten best preschools in the United States“. The three and four year olds are still being taught at the Preschool – click on the banner below to see their Facebook page.
As the children turn five years old, they participate in a rite of passage of Preschool Graduation, moving from preschool to a half day of public school kindergarten and the other half day attending the Kinder School. Marjorie Branch, the principal at Erickson Elementary School, told 5th City Preschool staff that the 5th City Kinder Schoolers were always ahead of the other children without a preschool education because they had a a “strong personal identity, an appreciation for learning and working with others, a sense of delight and wonder, and the ability to communicate with confidence.”
The design of the CURRICULUMfocuses on four areas: BASIC (reading, math and language skills),RELATIONAL (learning how to live and act with one’s family and friends as well as becoming aware of the city/state/nation/world one is a part of), PSYCHOLOGICAL (developing personal skills) and IMAGINAL(developing personal self-images and social images of responsibility). These four curriculum areas are ‘spiraled’ to appropriately address each age level.
Each school has a similar TIME DESIGN, graphically shown beside the description of the Mini School. The shapes show the children what part of the day they are participating in, whether it is a curriculum block, a time for exercise, or a time to eat or rest.
The entire SCHOOL ENVIRONMENT was focused on constantly projecting positive images to the preschoolers about themselves and their lives. This included the decor on the walls, the songs sung throughout the day, informal conversations as well as the formal teaching.