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Intellectual Methods

Intellectual talks and methods were initially taught in the Academy and International Training Institutes (ITIs) globally. These courses were revised, updated and strengthened during the following years by ICA offices and individuals teaching them. What follows represents some of the initial work that was done.  These two talks provide an overall context to the why and what of the methods:  “Intellectual Methods Context” and “Foundational to All Methods is Conciousness”


IMA  Image Change (for print)

Imaginal Education that has emerged over the years is described in more detail in the Image Change Collection. The links below were some of the earliest imaginal methods.


Imaginal Education Changes Lives“, Lecture 1 outline, July, 1981 (for print)

The Life Triangles“, 1981 (for print)

Imaginal Tools“, Lecture 3 outline, 1979 (for print)


IMB   Teaching Method (for print)

IMC.  Training (for print)

IMD.  Mass Education







“The greatest single antidote to violence is conversation, speaking our fears, listening to the fears of others, and in that sharing of vulnerabilities, discovering a genesis of hope.”  Jonathan Sacks


Multiple methods for leading effective conversations based on the four-level approach of Objective, Reflective, Interpretive and Decisional steps (ORID) are found in the Facilitation Methods Collection.  Early development of the methods follow:



Guiding Conversations 





(or Lecture Building)